Please write a response to the two student post below post. This is a apart of a lesson discussion. The initial instructions for the assignment is attached as well as my initial post to the discussion. You have to write responses to the other students responses to the initial instruction questions. At least 100 words each. All reading materials will also be attached. Please cite work if you use any for the responses. You are not to criticize or critique the work but rather agree or disagree and give farther insight on the topic. DO NOT USE ANY OUTSIDE SOURCES
T. Denny Sanford’s philanthropy had mixed motivations. Altruism in giving means that a person gives exclusively to help those who are benefiting from the organizations (Worth, 2016, p. 66). While Sanford gives to help others, he also wants something out of it; he wants some control and he expects certain results from the organizations he donated to. Out of the seven donor types, Sanford is a repayer—someone who gives to pay back to society. Sanford mentions that the State gave him opportunities and that he wants to say thank you by giving (Worth, 2016, p. 82). But Sanford is also a great example of a pattern of giving that Schervish and Havens mention as hyperagency. According to them, hyperagency is when wealthy individuals give to have some control over or to create new directions for the organizations they donated to (Worth, 2016, p. 68). Sandford wants those who he donates to, to provide and perform for him. He ran into conflict with the University of Minnesota when he donated to an effort to build a new stadium and they couldn’t agree on the construction costs or the control he would have over his recognition as a donor (Worth, 2016, p. 82).
Osceola McCarty’s story is an inspiring example of altruist giving. She donated to help others. She could have used the money she had saved up to live a more lavish lifestyle but instead, she decided to find ways to use her money to help others. She wanted to give to Southern Mississippi University because it’s close to her and because, as she said, “my race used to not get to go to that college, but now they can,” and she wanted to support Black university students (Worth, 2016, p. 82). Studies have shown that women tend to give more than men at almost every income level and that their focus of giving is more often towards benefiting the community (Worth, 2016, p. 66), which McCarty did; she donated to a church and school in her community. McCarty seems to not have had much social motivation in her giving. Seymour identifies social giving as when people give to organizations alongside their peers or for social recognition (Worth, 2016, p. 66). McCarty seems not to have done this. For example, instead of giving to a historically Black institution or in a very public manner, she gave quietly to a local university to help local Black students.
T. Denny Sanford’s philanthropy was motivated by mixed motives. He was clearly altruistic in his sincere desire to help children in need and provide resources for advancements in health. Sanford states in his video that his goal was to have a “significant impact” towards decreasing the effects of breast cancer (Edith Sanford Breast Foundation, 2012). However, there was partially a selfish driving force in the desire for recognition. For example, many buildings and organizations were renamed to prominently display Stanford’s name.
Of the seven donor types described in The Seven Faces of Philanthropy, the one most appropriately applied to the case of T. Denny Sanford is the Repayer. While there are other faces that may be applicable, Sanford’s motivations seem to match those of the repayer the most. The Repayer is, according to Worth (2016), “a donor who sees an obligation to support organizations or institutions from which he or she or family members have benefitted—to give back,” (p. 76). Because Sanford suffered through hardship that schools, children’s hospitals, and breast cancer facilities assist others through, he is motivated to give back to them. Through donations, he can repay these organizations for the services they may have helped him with or may prevent others from having to suffer through like he did.
Sanford’s extreme wealth may have given him a sense of hyperagency. That is, the ability to significantly influence organizations (Schervish & Havens, as cited in Worth, 2016, p. 81). Along with his appreciable donations came stipulations. He saw this as a way of managing for results.
Despite the limited information provided in the case McCarty’s motives were purely altruistic. She stated, “Maybe I can make it so the children don’t have to work like I did… I just figured the money would do them a lot more good than it would me,” (Bragg as cited in Worth, 2016, p. 85). Her intentions show that she was clearly motivated to help others. When compared to the previous case study, McCarty is further proof that women tend to be “more selfless, empathetic, and generous than men and are motivated by altruism in their giving to a greater extent,” (Mesch et al. as cited in Worth, 2016, p.77).
The case of Osceola McCarty does not greatly reflect social influences on giving as McCarty was giving primarily to help others. She was not motivated to donate for recognition or to climb social status.
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