Utilitarianism and Universalism in the Workplace

Utilitarianism is said to be an ethical theory that hold onto the fact that action is right if it generates or tends to generate the prominent amount of good for the prominent number of people affected by the action, otherwise the action is wronging. Utilitarianism believes that the purpose of morality is to make life better by augmenting the number of good things (such as pleasure and happiness) in the world and reducing the number of bad things (such as pain and unhappiness). The act of utilitarianism is a utilitarian theory of ethics which state that a person’s act is morally right if and only if it produces the finest attainable results in that specified circumstances.


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Universalism is the theoretical and doctrinal concept that some ideas have universal application. A belief in one fundamental truth is a major principle in Universalism. Ethical universalism is a notion in which the ethical involvement of an action applies universally to anyone and everyone regardless of situation at hand. In summary, the end justifies the means. Universalist approach focuses on good aim/ product and demoralize using anyone as a mode toward our ends.


Utilitarianism apparently pays no attention to how welfare is distributed. It believes that achieving the net positive welfare for the most will sometimes require that some people get higher amount of welfare and some people get a little amount or worse, get a bad result from an action while universalism recognizes the unity of all humans and applies equally to all persons regardless of their personal biases or interests. Also, Utilitarianism approach focuses on good outcomes while Universalism approach focuses on good intentions.

Where utilitarianism supports flexibility and makes decision in regard to needs and situation at hand, universalism emphasizes consistency at all times. In addition, Christianity entertains the relative principle of utilitarianism while universalism categorical places human reason above all other authorities including the Bible.


As a chief pilot, I will more concern if any of my pilots operate from the perspective of universalism rather than utilitarianism because universalism has no moral worth but utilitarianism provides a conductive structure of decision-making embedded in social benefit which will help direct the organization toward more ethical behavior. Also, it will help weigh the costs, and benefits of an action to the organization and thereby considers the goals of the organization as a whole which will in turn promote my pilots as an addition to the industry resources. Since the major idea of utilitarianism is that action is right if it results in the happiness of the greatest number of people in a society or a group. In an industry like aviation where crew members mental health is important, the concept of utilitarianism is applicable because if we are able to conduct ourselves properly at work, then we will be able to achieve professional happiness. By making morally correct decisions, our happiness will increase and as Christians, God most definitely wants us to be happy according to his words.

(Proverbs 16:20) He who heeds the word wisely will find good, and whoever trusts in the LORD, happy is he.

(Psalm 144:15) Happy are the people whose God is the LORD.

After you read the above discussion, continue the conversation. Do you agree or disagree with their assessment? Explain why you feel this way. Consider your knowledge of the topic and add more depth to their post to continue the conversation. All responses should add to the conversation and further the dialogue. Remember that the goal of the Discussion Board is to not only share your thoughts, but also engage with your peers on the topic in a substantive way.

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