Mass Incarceration of African American

An annotated bibliography is a document generally produced along with research. Such a document, which follows MLA and other specific conventions, is used to show the research one does. For each source a researcher uses, an annotated bibliography ‘entry’ is written. Thus, an annotated bibliography might have one, two, five, 10, or more entries, but is a single document. Each entry has three main parts:


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· The MLA citation for the source

· A brief academic summary of the source (5-7 sentences)

· Some analysis of the source and statement of relevance of the source to the research


Your annotated bib will include 6-8 entries which will be most of the sources you will likely use in your issues manifesto and subsequent final argument piece. Since an annotated bibliography shows the research one does, all sources on your annotated bib should be used in your issues manifesto though additional sources are likely in your log.


Like all genres of writing, an annotated bibliography has certain conventions that must be followed. So reading about creating an annotated bibliography, showing me a draft of at least one entry, and using the Writing Center and/or our MLA resources will all help in writing this.


What is supposed to be in an academic summary?

Since the summary in an annotated bib entry follows an MLA citation, it does not need to identify the source’s title or full author name since this is what the citation does already. Thus, the summary for an annotated bib entry will begin with a sentence that identifies the author (by last name) and his/her/their credentials or some other identification that establishes credibility. Then, in 5-7 sentences, clearly summarize the source’s main ideas, which might include the main points of information, or the main claims if persuasive. Claims should be written using some or all of the authors own words when possible.


Your summary should also:

· Identify the purpose of the piece (informative or argumentative).

· Identify the genre of the source, as appropriate.

· Represent the author’s ideas fairly and accurately.

· Use direct quotations sparingly and appropriately.

· Include 2 to 3 thoughtful sentences that clearly and specifically explain the source’s place in the conversation. This might include how the source provides evidence for a counterargument or rebuttal; how it provides context for one of your reasons, etc. It won’t be enough to simply say the source provides evidence for a claim; you’ll need to explain what that evidence is (statistics, examples, summary of research, authoritative documents, expert testimony, personal testimony, etc.) and what claim it is supporting.

· Your entry should also include some analysis of the source, which can be woven into the summary. For example:

o Is the evidence timely and relevant?

o What is the possible bias?

o What about the genre of source do we need to consider?


What should not be in a summary?

§ Personal opinion about the issues the author discusses.

§ First name reference of the author or to anyone referred to in the article. Be aware of how to write author and other names and/or use other identifiers such as “the author” or “the commissioner,” as appropriate. People “say” things; articles do not.


Each entry is formatted as a single block of text; there are not multiple paragraphs in an entry; looking at samples will be a good idea.


Helpful hint: When you find a credible source, right away, read the source, log it, and add it to your Library Research Plan. Take good notes in case you later decide to write the annotated bib assignment.


You will submit your log with your annotated bibliography.



Below are the conventions of this assignment that I am looking for in the final version. Each comment, or most of them (some will not be relevant) will appear under a heading, “Passing or above passing aspects” and other comments will fall under a heading, “Below passing aspects.”



· The annotated bib follows proper MLA formatting conventions (line spacing, indentation, font, order of entries, etc.)

· The annotated bib includes at least 6 entries.

· Citations for each entry on the annotated bib are correct.

· Each annotated bib entry has a clear summary in 5-7 sentences.

· Summaries introduce authors correctly and show author credibility.

· Each entry has 2 to 3 thoughtful sentences that clearly and specifically explain the source’s place in the conversation.

· Sources include 2 to 3 scholarly sources and the rest an appropriate mix of genres.

· All sources are credible, relevant, and timely.

· Your log is submitted in some way.

· Writing meets general academic standards.

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